His articles have been published in the St. Growing up as a communist kid in the s. Tony Pecinovsky. Comments comments.
Take control of the means of news production. Rural peasants were forced to join collective farms. Those that owned land or livestock were stripped of their holdings.
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Hundreds of thousands of higher-income farmers, called kulaks, were rounded up and executed, their property confiscated. The Communists believed that consolidating individually owned farms into a series of large state-run collective farms would increase agricultural productivity. The opposite was true. Amid confusion and resistance to collectivization in the countryside, agricultural productivity dropped. This led to devastating food shortages. Millions died during the Great Famine of For many years the USSR denied the Great Famine, keeping secret the results of a census that would have revealed the extent of loss.
Stalin eliminated all likely opposition to his leadership by terrorizing Communist Party officials and the public through his secret police.
The Rules of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Millions more were deported, or imprisoned in forced labor camps known as Gulags. The Americans and British feared the spread of communism into Western Europe and worldwide. In , the U. The alliance between countries of the Western bloc was a political show of force against the USSR and its allies. The Cold War power struggle—waged on political, economic and propaganda fronts between the Eastern and Western blocs—would persist in various forms until the fall of the Soviet Union in He became Communist Party secretary in and premier in At home, however, Khrushchev initiated a series of political reforms that made Soviet society less repressive.
During this period, later known as de-Stalinization, Khrushchev criticized Stalin for arresting and deporting opponents, took steps to raise living conditions, freed many political prisoners, loosened artistic censorship, and closed the Gulag labor camps.
Members of his own political party removed Khrushchev from office in Many early projects were tied to the Soviet military and kept secret, but by the s, space would become another dramatic arena for competition between dueling world superpowers. The success of Sputnik made Americans fear that the U.
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President John F. The U. A longtime Communist Party politician, Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in He inherited a stagnant economy and a crumbling political system. He introduced two sets of policies he hoped would reform the political system and help the USSR become a more prosperous, productive nation. These policies were called glasnost and perestroika.
As World War II started coming to an end, many European countries were divided based on the political parties they supported.
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Nations took sides, with some countries supporting the Axis Powers, while others were in full support of the Allies. A handful of countries that were in agreeance with the Allies became known as the Soviet-controlled Eastern Bloc. The countries that made up the Eastern Bloc were in favor of communism, and they were officially controlled by the Soviet Union.
The group of countries known as the Balkans were also under total Communist rule. These Balkan countries were recognized as While there are many countries that were previously under Communist rule, what countries are still Communist today? Is Russia a Communist country? Communism in Russia ended after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Russia has a dual executive consisting of a president and prime minister with the president, currently Vladimir Putin, as the dominant figure. China is one of the four remaining Communist countries.
Vietnam , also known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is also one of the four remaining Communist countries. Cuba is currently a Communist country. Cambodia was a Communist state under the rule of Khmer Rouge, which took over in Cambodia became a constitutional monarchy in with a king as head of state, a prime minister as head of government, and a parliamentary form of government. North Korea is considered to be a Communist country; however, it does not consider itself to be one.
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All references to Communism were removed from the North Korean Constitution in There are only five remaining Communist countries in the world as of The modern-day Communist countries are…. Home Countries Communist Countries. The Foundation of Communism.